{“main-title”:{“component”:”hc_title”,”id”:”main-title”,”title”:””,”subtitle”:””,”title_content”:{“component”:”hc_title_image”,”id”:”title-image”,”image”:””,”full_screen”:false,”full_screen_height”:””,”parallax”:false,”bleed”:””,”ken_burn”:””,”breadcrumbs”:false,”light”:false,”alignment”:””}},”section_5ZtkF”:{“component”:”hc_section”,”id”:”section_5ZtkF”,”section_width”:””,”animation”:””,”animation_time”:””,”timeline_animation”:””,”timeline_delay”:””,”timeline_order”:””,”vertical_row”:””,”css_classes”:””,”custom_css_classes”:””,”custom_css_styles”:””,”section_content”:[{“component”:”hc_column”,”id”:”column_vtfQF”,”column_width”:”col-md-12″,”animation”:””,”animation_time”:””,”timeline_animation”:””,”timeline_delay”:””,”timeline_order”:””,”css_classes”:””,”custom_css_classes”:””,”custom_css_styles”:””,”main_content”:[{“component”:”hc_wp_editor”,”id”:”Xhugf”,”css_classes”:””,”custom_css_classes”:””,”custom_css_styles”:””,”editor_content”:”In 2012 when Alpinist adventure succeeded in making its first commercial ascent of Mt. Everest, Hillary Step was still intact, Khumbu Icefall was a treacherous maneuver and slabs of ice had to be melted for water. In just 10 years, Everest has changed. There now appears to be already liquid water to fetch at the base camp in spring, Hillary step is gone and the Khumbu glacier is unpredictably changing its course. Have we given any thought regarding the ferocious impacts global warming and climate change has brought and even sadder, the amount of heat produced in the fragile Everest base camp is skyrocketing. It is a high time that expedition operators have to be cautious about the mountain environment; otherwise,  there will be a time when the mountains will be just left with black rocks without snow cover. Nepal’s mountaineering industry could crumble afterwards.\n\nGlobal warming has created several high-altitude lakes through melting glaciers and shifting snow lines.\n

Introduction to Climate Crisis

\nClimate crisis refers to global warming and climate change collectively. The gradual rise in average world temperatures caused by the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is known as global warming. The planet gradually warms as a result of these gases. The consequences of global warming are extensive, ranging from thinning glaciers and increasing sea levels to severe changes in weather, climate and ecosystem.\n\nThe atmospheric release of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) etc. in the lower atmosphere (troposphere) is the main factor contributing to global warming. These gases deplete the Earth’s ozone shield. As a result, average global temperatures gradually rise, having a variety of negative repercussions on the ecosystem and climate.\n

Exploring the Impact of Climate Crisis on Mountaineering

\nMountaineering has been a popular activity for centuries, and it has become even more popular in recent years. The adventure involves the scaling mountains and other challenging terrain, and can be both physically and mentally demanding. Mountaineers must be prepared for a range of conditions, from extreme cold and altitude sickness to the threat of avalanches and accidents. But now there appears to be a larger problem mountains and mountaineers have to deal with.\n\nThe world is changing faster than ever. Global warming and climate change have become topics of great concern in recent years, and the effects of these changes are far-reaching. From shrinking glaciers to increased droughts and wildfires, the impact of climate change is becoming increasingly apparent. But what about the impact of global warming on mountaineering?\n\nMountaineering is an activity that has been directly impacted by the climate crisis. Rising temperatures have caused glaciers to melt, making certain routes more difficult or impossible to climb and traverse. Glaciers are also retreating, which means that climbing and other mountain activities are becoming more dangerous and unpredictable. Additionally, irregular precipitation has led to more frequent avalanches and unstable snow condition, leading to a higher risk of injury or death for mountaineers. Climate change also leads to changes in the local ecology, making it difficult for some species of plants and animals to survive in their native area and making mountain tourism less enjoyable. Eventually, global warming can also cause changes in weather patterns that make it more difficult for mountaineers to plan their trips effectively. In recent years, mountaineers have begun to take notice of the changes occurring in the mountains and glaciers due to global warming. In this blog article, we will explore the impacts of climate crisis on mountaineering, how the adventure has been affected by the changing climate and how expedition operators can take effective measures to mitigate this inevitable disaster!\n

Past and Present Scenarios of Climate Crisis in the Himalaya

\nThe Himalaya is one of the most popular regions for mountaineering. In the past, the Himalaya was covered in dense snow and glaciers, making it a challenging and rewarding place to climb. However, in recent years the snow and glaciers have been melting at an alarming rate due to rising temperatures. Expansion of old glacier lakes in unforeseen sizes and formation of numerous new glacier lakes are the concurrent examples of climate crisis effect in the Himalaya. It has also accelerated the formations of threatening crevasses and weak snow condition.\n\nThe situation is even worse in the Nepal Himalaya, where temperatures have risen three times more than the global average. This has led to an increased rate of snowpack and permafrost depletion. As a result, the terrain in the Himalaya has become increasingly difficult to crossover.\n

How Climate Crisis has been Threatening the Mountain Environment

\nFrom the oldest mountain formation, the American Cordillera to the youngest Himalaya, global warming has had a tremendous impact on the mountains. Since the middle of the 20th century, temperature in the Alps has increased by an average of 1.5°C. Due to this, the snow stability has decreased and the big rocks seem to be exposed. Later on the weathering effect begun to deteriorate landscape, which caused many triggering accidents like rock falls, avalanches, glacier lake outbursts etc. The average size of the glaciers in the Alps has shrunk by more than 30% since 1980, and this trend is concerning!\n\nEventually, the effects of global warming in the Himalaya are considerably more pronounced. Since the middle of the 20th century, temperatures have risen by an average of 3°C, speeding up the melting of glaciers and snowpack. The terrain in the Himalaya has been harder to navigate as a result.\n\nMountaineering relies heavily on glaciers and snowpacks because they offer a stable, continuous surface. Unfortunately, these features are significantly being impacted by global warming, which is speeding up the melting of glaciers and snowpack. This has complicated and increased the risk of the terrain in many mountainous regions.\n\nFor mountaineers, the melting of glaciers and snowpack has a number of effects. First of all, because the mountain’s terrain is less stable, it raises the risk of avalanches. Second, climbers must cross a shifting landscape of melting glaciers and snowpack, which makes the terrain more challenging to ascend. Finally, because rocks are exposed as the glaciers and snowpack melt, it raises the risk of rockfalls and other hazards.\n\nMany mountainous regions are seeing substantial changes in temperature, precipitation, and weather patterns as a result of climate crisis. This has led to an uneven rate of precipitation, as well as an increased risk of extreme weather events.\n\nAverage temperatures in mountain regions are rising faster than in other parts of the world. This can lead to a reduction in snow and ice cover, altering the timing and amount of meltwater runoff. The frequency and severity of natural catastrophes have grown as a result of changes in precipitation patterns, which have caused more frequent and severe rain/snowfall in some places and less precipitation in others. Rising temperatures and changing precipitation patterns can increase the frequency and severity of natural disasters like landslides, avalanches, and flash floods, which can have significant impacts on mountain environments and communities.\n\nThe degradation of mountain environments and the loss of access to well-established climbing routes are just two of the substantial effects that these changes in temperature, precipitation, and weather can have on mountaineering. It is crucial for individuals, organizations, and governments to work together to mitigate the effects of global warming and preserve mountain environments for future generations.\n

Future threats and challenges of climate crisis on Mountaineering Expeditions


    \n \t

  1. Increased rockfall: As temperature continues to rise, glaciers are retreating and melting, destabilizing the surrounding terrain and increasing the risk of physical hazards. This is especially dangerous for climbers on exposed ridges or traversing across glaciers.
  2. \n \t

  3. Changing routes: As temperatures rise and glaciers recede, routes that have been used by mountaineers for generations may no longer be feasible due to lack of snow or ice cover.
  4. \n \t

  5. Avalanches: With increased temperatures, snowpack melts more quickly leading to an increased risk of avalanches in areas that have historically been considered safe.
  6. \n \t

  7. Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOF): As glaciers retreat, they can create large glacial lakes which, if breached, can cause a glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF). This is a sudden release of water from a glacier-dammed lake which can cause catastrophic flooding downstream and is a major threat to climbers in alpine environments.
  8. \n

\nNepal has seen multiple GLOFS in the past and some glacial lakes are threatening as of now.\n

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  1. Heat stress: Mountaineers will be at greater risk of heat exhaustion and dehydration as ambient temperatures increase due to climate change. This can be particularly dangerous in remote locations where medical support may not be available.
  2. \n


Preventative Measures to be taken by Expedition Operators against the Climate Crisis


\nAlpinist adventure’s Fight against the Climate Crisis\n\nWe are tourism business operators based on the foundation of environmental values. Our culture and religion has always prioritized observing the godliness and god’s divinity in the natural environment. For e.g., the Puja ceremony held at base camp is to honor the natural environment. Himalayan Buddhism has several myths and legends, all having the theme that mountains are the abode of the Gods and those places should be held sacred.\n\nWe are fighting against the impacts the climate crisis because we understand mountains are the most fragile ecosystem in the world. Nepal’s identity is associated with the Himalaya while the Himalayan communities whose life is directly sustained because of the tourism and mountaineering shall be forced to move out if not concerned about the upcoming disaster.\n\nThus, we focuses on sustainability, reducing, reusing and recycling. Our guides and staffs are well trained on the natural ethics while we raise our voices in the public platforms nationally and internationally in support of nature friendly programs and policies. Our expedition in the high mountains use natural power source as solar energy in the first priority and advocate others to do so. We also make generous donations to the institutions who are working for the environmental resilience, schools, monasteries and community programs.\n\nWe want to see our Himalaya with the dazzling white snow cover and we have been making every effort to keep it that way.\n


\nIn conclusion, the impacts of climate crisis on mountaineering are widespread and significant, affecting temperature, precipitation, and weather patterns in mountain environments. As temperatures rise, glaciers and snowpack are melting at an alarming rate, making the terrain more difficult and dangerous to conduct any mountain tourism activity. Additionally, extreme weather events are becoming more frequent, making it more risky for mountaineers to venture into the mountains. It is clear that global warming and climate change have had tremendous impacts on mountaineering, and it is important for mountaineers and business operators to be aware of the changing conditions in the mountains. With the right knowledge and preparation, climbers can still enjoy the challenges and rewards of mountaineering, even in a changing climate.\n\nTo mitigate these impacts, expedition companies can also to take action from corporate level. This includes reducing carbon emissions, implementing sustainable practices, promoting renewable energy, educating clients, partnering with conservation organizations, supporting research, and adopting sustainable tourism practices. By taking these steps, expedition companies can play a key role in preserving mountain environments and ensuring the long-term sustainability of the mountaineering industry. By acting together, we can help to protect mountain environments and secure a better future for all.\n\n “}]}],”section_settings”:””},”scripts”:{},”css”:{},”css_page”:””,”template_setting”:{},”template_setting_top”:{},”page_setting”:{“settings”:[“lock-mode-off”]},”post_type_setting”:{“settings”:{“image”:””,”excerpt”:””,”extra_1″:””,”extra_2″:””,”icon”:{“icon”:””,”icon_style”:””,”icon_image”:””}}}}

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